PCOS is a highly prevalent endocrine disorder that affects women of reproductive age. About 5–10% of young women are affected, and it frequently causes problems getting pregnant. Women who have this disorder may experience irregular menstrual cycles, abnormal hair growth, acne, and many tiny follicles in their ovaries.

The most prevalent ovulatory condition in women of reproductive age is polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, which accounts for almost one-third of all diagnoses of infertility in women. Due to an excess of oestrogen produced by the ovaries in women with PCOS, these women do not ovulate, or release an egg, on a monthly basis. Periods become irregular due to irregular ovulation, and high levels of hormones like testosterone can alter egg quality, prevent ovulation, create insulin resistance, and raise the risk of diseases like gestational diabetes. Are you looking to beat PCOS, a visit to IVF Centre in Punjab is a must.

Symptoms of PCOS:

  1. About 5 to 10 percent of people with PCOS, and African Americans and Hispanics are the groups most likely to have it.
  2.  An increasing rate may also be seen among Asian-descent women, according to recent studies.
  3. Menstrual cycles that are absent or irregular, acne, and excessive body hair development are some of the PCOS symptoms that are easiest to identify. 
  4. Despite the fact that many people may view obesity as the primary symptom of the condition, about one-third of women with PCOS are normal weight or underweight.

Causes of PCOS:

  1. The condition PCOS causes hormonal imbalances that slow down or stop ovulation, the body’s process of creating and releasing eggs from the ovary, even if the precise aetiology of the disorder is yet unknown.
  2.  Women with PCOS frequently produce excessive amounts of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) (LH). They thus have restricted follicular development (follicles are small sac-like structures within the ovaries, and each follicle contains an egg). 
  3. Egg growth won’t happen if follicular development is inadequate. Additionally as a result, testosterone and other usually masculine hormones are produced in greater amounts by PCOS-affected women (androgens).
  4. Insulin sensitivity is another typical symptom in PCOS-afflicted women. This often predisposes people to gaining more weight and becoming obese, which increases their risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

How to improve PCOS?

  1. Losing weight is frequently the first step in improving a woman’s chances of getting pregnant if she is overweight and has PCOS. 
  2. Improved ovulatory function, increased odds of conception, a safer pregnancy for both mother and child, and—if necessary—better responsiveness to fertility drugs are all advantages of weight loss. According to studies, a woman can truly restore her menstrual cycle and ovulate on her own by decreasing merely 5% of her body weight. Additionally, it has been demonstrated that losing weight might lessen other symptoms like hair growth, acne, and baldness.
  3. Since many women with PCOS are not ovulating, it is important that you speak with your fertility specialist if you are a woman with PCOS who is actively trying to get pregnant. To aid with ovulation stimulation, your doctor may prescribe medication. Continued use of oral fertility drugs like letrozole and clomiphene citrate to promote the growth of an ovarian follicle containing an egg.

Final word:

As disheartening as this disease may be it is highly advisable that you get yourself checked up at the doctor. In case you want to know, Test Tube Baby cost In Punjab is quite good and can be your last resort against this.